Residents of the US, UK, Canada, Australia and New Zealand do need a visa for travel to India. An e-Visa is the easiest method, which can be requested no more than 30 days (and no less than four days) prior to departure. It is valid for 30 days. Tourist visas are also available through your nearest embassy, should you require a longer stay. Follow instructions carefully. For other countries, check visa requirements here.
Inner Line permits are required for Ladakh and other restricted areas. Your local travel expert can assist with obtaining this permit and coordinating the timing with your e-Visa application. You must have your passport and visa for your Inner Line permit application; a process that can take up to three weeks.
Your passport must be valid for at least six months prior to arrival in India and have two blank visa pages.
If you are travelling from or through the United States, and are not a US national or resident, you will need to obtain an ESTA (Electronic System for Travel Authorization), ideally at least 72 hours prior to departure. ESTA has replaced the paper form that used to be filled in prior to landing in the US. The authorization costs $ 14 USD and needs to be paid by credit card. Canadian nationals are exempt and do not need an ESTA.
It is your own responsibility to ensure that you are in possession of valid and correct travel documentation.
Insider Tip: Indian visa regulations change frequently, so always check with your nearest embassy or consulate for the most up-to-date information.
Health and Vaccinations
There are no particular requirements for India, but make sure all routine vaccinations are up to date (MMR, polio, tetanus, etc.). Hepatitis A and Typhoid are recommended, and Zika is currently a risk in India. Check the latest information about Zika warnings. Altitude sickness can be a problem above 8,000 feet (2,500 meters), so inquire about altitude sickness pills before you arrive. They are often only available by prescription. With or without pills, be sure to stay hydrated. We recommend all vaccines be completed at least six weeks prior to travel.
Tap water in India is NOT safe to drink. If using your refillable water bottle, we recommend combining with a Steripen.
The safety of our clients is of the utmost importance to us, and our local experts are always well-informed about the current situation in Ladakh. For up-to-date information about safety, security and travel warnings, please refer to the US State Department, UK Foreign Travel Advice, or your local government resource.
Tap water in India is NOT safe to drink. If using your refillable Dopper bottle, we recommend combining with a Steripen.
Most sockets use the European two-pronged round (Type C) or Indian-style three-pronged round (Type D and Type M). Type C plugs will fit in some three-holed sockets. Power can be inconsistent, so pack a torch or flashlight. A USB charger can also come in handy.
Insider Tip: The electric current in India can fluctuate, with periods of lower voltage followed by higher surges. Unplug any device when not in use.
Ladakhi is closely related to Tibetan, and often written in Tibetan script.
Goodbye Ya Jullay
Thank you Jullay
Excuse me Gongspa salazad
Insider Tip: In India’s far north, Hindi and English are not widely spoken. Jullay has several meanings, making it easy to attempt the local language.
Indian Rupee (INR)
Indian rupees can only be bought and sold within India, so you will not be able to buy currency in advance of your trip, or exchange when you get home (with the exception of Bhutan where they are legal tender). Get local currency upon arrival at the airport, either through a foreign exchange office or ATM machine. US dollars and British pounds are the easiest to exchange.
ATMs are available in cities, but not in remote areas. Credit cards are rarely accepted, so always have cash on-hand.
- Restaurants- A service charge is often added to bills in larger restaurants, but if nothing is included, 5%-10% is customary.
- Cabs- No tipping, but you can round up the fare if you want.
- Hotels- Tip bellmen the equivalent of $1USD per bag, and housekeeping $1USD per day.
Insider Tip: Airports and train stations are often teeming with men offering to carry luggage. While not official porters and sometimes a bit aggressive, they are there to help and work for tips. Again, the equivalent of $1USD per bag will suffice. If you do not need their services, politely refuse.
Climate/When to go
Ladakh is a high-altitude desert with very little rainfall, and temperatures in winter frequently hover below freezing. Their primary water source is melting Himalayan snow. Summers are dry with mostly pleasant temperatures, although it can get hot during the day. June to September is the best time to visit with July and August being peak travel times. Many highways and passes are closed in winter, leaving certain areas inaccessible.
Insider Tip: The Chadar trek is a famous walk across the frozen Zanskar River, connecting Zanskar valley villages with Chilling (near Leh). It is best attempted in January or February when the ice is at its thickest.
Due to its proximity to Tibet, the culture and people are more Tibetan than Indian. Buddhism is the predominant religion and the cuisine is likewise influenced by its bordering neighbor. Women are highly regarded and enjoy more independence than in other Indian regions—taking part in many social and religious ceremonies. Public displays of affection can be considered offensive, so refrain from holding hands or kissing in public. Eating is often done on the floor, with cushions and low tables. Be careful never to point your feet toward Buddhist statues. If you would like to photograph locals, always ask first. Some will expect a tip.
Insider Tip: The word “cashmere” is derived from Kashmir. Wool from the cashmere goats in this region is considered some of the finest in the world, woven into beautiful pashmina shawls.
Layering in Ladakh is key. Even in summer, evening temperatures can fall quickly, so warm clothes are essential any time of year. At high elevations, the sun is more intense, so hats, sunglasses and sunscreen are needed even when the weather is cool. If visiting monasteries, knees and shoulders must be covered. Overall, dress in Ladakh is pretty conservative.
- Walking shoes or hiking boots
- Warm socks
- Woolen hat
- Baseball cap or other hat for sun protection
- Warm wind-proof jacket, scarf and gloves
- Fleece or sweaters and t-shirts for layering
- Simple medical kit with over-the-counter drugs and first aid (including anti-diarrheal and stomach meds for potential food contamination plus altitude sickness medication if prescribed)
- Rehydration salts for potential altitude sickness
- Hand sanitizer or wet wipes
- All prescriptions
- Flashlight/torch for possible power outages
- Protein bars for trekking
- Tissues in case toilet paper is unavailable
Insider Tip: Most campsites provide warm blankets and/or sleeping bags, so no need to carry your own.